PAP is the physiological rationale for complex training 1.
If an athlete is easily performing more than ground contacts, then an increase in intensity or a slight added weight could be used, so that the athlete is still increasing muscular power by performing the exercise
Sprinting on the spot is also an effective method of increasing sprint speed, without the need for open space.
Through repeated practice, a player will be able to detect the relevant body cues of their opponent quicker thus react faster;therefore a defender will be harder to lose, or an attacker will be harder to catch 5.
Description: It also provides a core workout for the rest of the body, through an isometric contraction in the abdominals, which is vital for running efficiency 2.